قديم 07-27-2015, 01:26 PM   #1
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افتراضي Agricultural insurance in India

Agricultural insurance in India
Agricultural insurance in India
Insurance agriculture in India, how do you believe the Indian cultivation
Agriculture in india is highly susceptible to risks like droughts and floods. It is necessary to protect the farmers from natural calamities and ensure their credit eligibility for the next season. For this purpose, the Government of india introduced many agricultural schemes throughout the country.

Comprehensive Crop insurance Scheme(CCIS)
The Comprehensive insurance Scheme (CIS) covered 15 states and 2 union territories. Participation in the scheme was voluntary. Around 5 million farmers and between 8-9 million hectares were annually covered by this scheme. If the actual yield in any area covered by the scheme fell short of the guaranteed yield, the farmers were entitled to an indemnity on compensation to the extent of the shortfall in yield. The General insurance Corporation of india administered the scheme on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.

A major drawback of the scheme could be seen from the fact that out of all the all-India claims of Rs 1,623 crores, Gujarat alone received Rs. 792 crores for one single crop, groundnut.
The scheme was scrapped in 1997.

Experimental Crop Insurance
An experimental crop insurance scheme was introduced in 1997-98, covering non-loanee small and marginal farmers growing specified crops in selected districts. The premium was subsidized. The premium collected was about Rs. 3 crores and the claims amounted to Rs. 40 crores.
The Government discontinued the scheme during 1997-98 itself.

Farm Income insurance Scheme
The Central Government formulated the Farm Income insurance Scheme (FIIS) during 2003-04. The two critical components of a farmer’s income are yield and price. FIIS targeted these two components through a single insurance policy so that the insured farmer could get a guaranteed income.

The scheme provided income protection to the farmers by insuring production and market risks. The insured farmers were ensured minimum guaranteed income (that is, average yield multiplied by the minimum support price). If the actual income was less than the guaranteed income, the insured would be compensated to the extent of the shortfall by the Agriculture insurance Company of India. Initially, the scheme would cover only wheat and rice and would be compulsory for farmers availing crop loans. NAIS (explained in the section below) would be withdrawn for the crops covered under FIIS, but would continue to be applicable for other crops.
The FIIS was withdrawn in 2004.[1] The recent attempt by the Gujarat government to reintroduce the Farm Income insurance Scheme (FIIS) can reform agricultural insurance and prevent farm-level distress


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قديم 08-01-2015, 12:27 PM   #2
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افتراضي رد: Agricultural insurance in India

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