قديم 07-27-2015, 03:16 PM   #1
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اوسمتي

افتراضي National Health Insurance

National health Insurance
National health Insurance
National health Insurance
National health insurance (国民健康保険 Kokumin-Kenkō-Hoken?) is one of the two major types of insurance programs available in Japan. The other is Employees' health insurance (健康保険 Kenkō-Hoken?). national health insurance is designed for people who are not eligible to be members of any employment-based health insurance program. Although private insurance is also available, all Japanese citizens, permanent residents, and any non-Japanese residing in Japan with a visa lasting three months or longer are required to be enrolled in either national health insurance or Employees' health Insurance. On July 9, 2012, the alien registration system is abolished and foreigners also join the candidate for application of the Law of the Basic Resident Registers. The foreigner who resides exceeding three months need to have national health insurance joined. REGISTRO CIVIL - 16KokuminKenkouHokenEn.pdf It is defined by the national health Care Act of 1958

History
Japan’s first health insurance system was introduced in 1922. It took effect in 1927 to cover laborers and in 1938 was extended to cover farmers also. The system originated from labor unions representing workers in dangerous industries, and over time was gradually extended so that currently all Japanese citizens and residents should be covered.

The current NHI system, which is managed by local municipal governments, was introduced in 1961. The information in this article relates to Minato Ward in Tokyo, and NHI conditions in other municipalities may differ.

Joining NHI
People are required to join NHI within two weeks of becoming eligible. This is required if a person moves to the municipality from another municipality or overseas and isn’t covered by Employees' health Insurance, withdraws from Employees' health insurance (for example, due to job loss), stops receiving public assistance, or is born (and not covered under parents Employees health Insurance).

Those who do not register when they become eligible and register later, can be charged for up to two years of back payments.

A person applies to their local ward office or city office, which issues them with a NHI card, and invoices for the NHI premiums. The insured person then pays the premiums, and is now covered.

How the national health insurance works
When the insured person uses a medical facility that accepts NHI, they will only need to pay part of the cost.

The medical facility will then send invoices for the remaining amount to the national health insurance Federation, which reviews and pays the medical facility. After this, the NHIF reports on the invoices to the municipal office, which reimburses the NHIF


Withdrawing from NHI
There are several different grounds for withdrawing from NHI.
As NHI is managed by local municipalities, if an insured person moves to another municipality, they must withdraw from their current municipality’s NHI and enter the NHI of their new area.
If the insured person is not a Japanese citizen and leaves Japan without intention of returning, or without re-entry permission they must settle their premium in advance.
NHI members also withdraw if they join Employees' health Insurance, start receiving public assistance, or pass away.

Other notifications
Insured people are required to notify the city if they change their address, their name, the head of household, lose their NHI card, or the NHI members covered under the card have changed


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National Health Insurance health insurance national

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قديم 07-27-2015, 07:43 PM   #2
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اوسمتي

افتراضي رد: National Health Insurance

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قديم 07-27-2015, 11:18 PM   #3
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افتراضي رد: National Health Insurance

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